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Posts Tagged ‘maya’

Written by:
Wendi Friend

We’ve been hearing about the end of the world for quite some time, now, right? It might come by meteor; it may be the result of a nuclear war; it could be a slow but definite deterioration of our Ozone layer. Whatever the cause may (or may not) be, people are obsessed with the idea of the end of the world. What makes the Ancient Mayan predictions of doomsday any different from these other catastrophically deadly potentials? The date.

The difference with the Ancient Mayan prophecies, as opposed to other end of the world predictions, is a precise account of when life as we know it will cease to exist. No one can say exactly when or if a meteor will hit. We can only speculate as to when a nuclear war might erupt. We’re still learning about the Ozone layer and whether or not we can reverse the damage done, but we cannot say precisely if or when it will collapse. However, the Ancient Mayans pin-pointedly predicted one specific date, thousands of years into their own future, when we will face the end of the world as we know it. Furthermore, this date is frighteningly close: December 22, 2012.

How exactly did an ancient people prophesy such a future? The answer is in the codices, a collection of writings created by this past civilization, the most famous of which is the Dresden Codex.

The Dresden codex aimed its sights at the stars, the planets, the sun, the moon, and space-related phenomenon. In this hieroglyphic script, the Ancient Mayans used mathematical and astrological genius to formulate an advanced working of the calendar. Contrary to popular belief, the Ancient Mayans did not invent the calendar, but they did perfect it to such a degree that their calendar system measured time and planetary occurrences more accurately than the calendar we use today. They also are responsible for our current understanding of the zodiac, based on a 12-part division of the sky. If you wake up in the morning and read your horoscope, you can thank the Ancient Mayans. But who were these people, and why should we be concerned about their predictions for our future?

No one knows exactly when the Ancient Mayans began making their mark on history, but we do know they were most successful in Mesoamerica somewhere around 2600 BC. (4,607 years ago), and peaking at around A.D. 250 (1,757 years ago) in present day Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Western Honduras, El Salvador, and Northern Belize. Most archeological findings date the most significant productivity of the Ancient Mayans in what is known as the Classic Period, A.D. 250-900 (1,107 years ago). We also know that during their near five-thousand-year reign, the Ancient Mayans accomplished remarkable feats in the written language, mathematics, astronomy, astrology, art, architecture, agriculture, and much more.

The years between 2600 B.C. and 100 A.D. were, for the most part, the golden years for the Maya civilization. With the introduction of the Omelc civilization in 2000 B.C., Mayan culture expanded. Extensive trade routes were built, knowledge and goods exchanged, and farming was established throughout Maya regions. This is when writing was developed in Mesopotamia, when the first solar calendars were carved in stone, and when the Maya set their spiritual, religious, and political roots in a hierarchal system governed by nobles and kings. This is also the time when their greatest pyramids and observatories were created.

The Ancient Mayan structures were remarkable in their own right due to their seemingly perfect alignment, their awe-inspiring size, their attention to detail, the exquisite artwork and architecture, and the products they developed and learned to work with in their buildings, such as plaster. Several of the buildings are even more mysterious in that they produce certain effects, such as the sound of a chirping bird, or the shadow of a snake slithering up their slopes during specific times of the year. But what’s even more astounding is that the Ancient Mayans created these elaborate pyramids and observatories without the use of metal tools!

Ancient Maya religions are still not completely understood, but it is clear that the Maya people honored, worshipped, and made sacrifices to many gods – gods that, unlike individual entities, are thought to have the ability to merge and morph with one another as needed or appropriate to portray differing aspects. The Mayans were also heavily founded in beliefs in the supernatural. Because the Mayans understood all things to work in cycles, good and evil were not set concepts, which could be how they justified, in part, their acts of human sacrifice.

Everything, to the Mayans, had a pattern of moving in cycles. This helped with their advancements in farming and their understanding of the movements of the heavens and the Earth. Combined, their knowledge of astrology, astronomy, mathematics, time, their spiritual and supernatural beliefs, as well as their understanding of cyclical patterns, is what led to the creation of the Dresden Codex.

The Maya didn’t just work with one calendar, but instead had a multitude of ways they dissected, analyzed, and measured time. They had two yearly cycles, one known as the Tzolkin, measuring 260 days; and the other being the Haab, of 360 days. These two calendars worked directly with the movements of Venus and Mars, and with a “special” number of 1,366,560 days, a number that is not yet fully understood by modern researchers. But then there was a third form of measuring time, and this third form is the one with which we’re most concerned. A person could easily spend ample time of their own trying to understand the complex intricacies of the Ancient Mayan calendars, but to suit the purpose of understanding the Dresden Codex in relation to doomsday predictions, we can simplify as follows, based on the third form of Ancient Mayan time measurement.

The Ancient Mayans began with a start date, known as the birth of Venus, which is understood as 3114 B.C, the beginning of time recorded. As with our calendars today, the Ancient Mayan calendars were divided into what can be identified as months and years. The months measured 20 days, and the years consisted of 360 days. The Ancient Mayan calendar then exceeded the calendars of today, grouping together even longer periods of time, the first being known as the kuton and measuring 7,200 days; and the second, called the baktun, measuring 144,000 days.

Another number relevant to the Mayans that we don’t yet fully understand is the number 13 (superstition, perhaps?). They believed that after 13 buktuns, each buktum measuring 144,000 days, would be the end of a cycle – or, as many of today’s time understand it, the end of the world. By doing the math, we are able to understand that the end of this time period translates to December 22, 2012. Some accounts suggest December 21, others pinpoint December 23, but that may depend largely on geographic location. Nonetheless, we are faced with potential drastic change in December of 2012. As of the writing of this article, according to the Dresden Codex, the end of the world is roughly five and a half years away.

No one disputes the advanced workings of the Ancient Mayan civilization. We’re all impressed with the knowledge they possessed and how they chose to apply that knowledge. However, how or where they gained such knowledge is open for debate, with theories ranging from simple and natural evolution, to involvement from alien beings. Adding to the mystery of this ancient people are findings such as the Crystal Skulls in locations close to Mayan ruins. These unexplained crystal skulls are said to possess certain metaphysical or paranormal attributes, such as psychic communications. Science is puzzled over the skulls because no one has yet been able to determine exactly how or when the skulls were created because they reflect absolutely no signs of tool markings. As with any unexplained, potentially paranormal phenomena, several theories have been laid out, including that the crystal skulls, once they’ve all been found and united, will unveil great knowledge capable of saving humankind. Naturally, it is suspected that the year 2012 may not be the end of the world, but may in fact be the end of the world as we know it, marking the beginning of a new way of life on earth.

Even though scientists and archeologists have learned a great deal about the Ancient Mayans, how and where they lived, and have been able to, in part, decipher the Dresden Codex, there are still many holes in the doomsday prediction pointing to 2012. One of the most important factors to keep in mind is that though several codices are believed to have existed, only a few of those remain – and even fewer are accessible to us. Many of the codices were lost or destroyed by time or conflict with other ancient civilizations. Others are currently protected as sacred text by the Elders in modern day Mayan cultures whom are not willing to share the extent of their knowledge. Taking this into consideration, we have to rationalize that we only have a small portion of the information on which the Ancient Mayans founded their belief systems and civilizations. We may have a list of ingredients, but we are lacking the full recipe! We cannot logically reason that we can formulate a crystal clear understanding based on a portion of ancient information taken out of context.

Will the crystal skulls found around Ancient Mayan ruins come together alas in 2012, shining upon us their wisdom and glory, paving the way to a new way of life? Is 2012 the date the alien nations will reunite on our planet to share with us their technology? Is the world itself destined to die less than 6 years from now? Or are we setting ourselves into a panic based on insubstantial evidence? Only time will tell.

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Written by:
Wendi Friend

It has long been assumed that the human race of the twenty-first century is the most technologically advanced civilization of all time. Well, all time on planet Earth, that is. This isn’t necessarily an unreasonable assumption providing what archaeologists and scientists have learned to date about our planet as well as our ancestors.

We’ve unearthed Egyptian mummies, the tools of cave men, ancient artifacts, and even entire races of ancient “little people”. We’ve been able to determine the course of several ancient tribes and spiritual civilizations. Yet, nothing from science or history, until now, indicates there may have been, once upon a time, a civilization much more advanced than we are today. But what if our assumptions are wrong? What if there really was a life form in Earth’s history that was technologically advanced beyond our wildest dreams? That would raise a few questions, wouldn’t it? Thanks to the discovery of a collection of inexplicably created crystal skulls, such questions are now coming to the forefront.

Shrouded in mystery, several presumably ancient skulls have been discovered in areas of Central America, South America, and Mexico. No one has yet been able to identify their origin, although the locations at which most the skulls had been found were near Aztec and Ancient Mayan ruins.

While one’s first instinct might be to categorize these relics as tribal artwork, modern science has been unable to define exactly how these skulls came to be. On the authentic, presumably ancient skulls, there are no tool markings, no indication of hand carving, and modern man would be incapable of reproducing the skulls with such craftsmanship. In fact, according to modern science, these skulls shouldn’t exist at all! But if they weren’t made by hand, and they weren’t made by tools, then how did these skulls come to be?

Equally curious to how they were made are the questions of why they were made and what powers they may possess. Some suggest the skulls have miraculous healing ability, others suggest the skulls are packed with unimaginable amounts of information designed to aid future civilizations such as our own. This theory of “ancient computers” doesn’t seem too far fetched considering the materials with which the skulls are made – quartz crystal – the same raw material used by modern man to store vast amounts of information in the form of silicone crystal computer chips. One tiny computer chip of modern day holds great amounts of information. Imagine: What could be stored in a crystal skull several inches in diameter and weighing several pounds?

Aside from theories of powerful healing and potential ancient computers, it has been claimed by some who have worked closely with the skulls that the skulls themselves have the ability to communicate telepathically, which is how one of the skulls, “Max”, got his name. As the story goes, the skull communicated its name to the woman who owned it.

To be fair, it should be stated that of the multiple skulls found to date, at least two were proven to be fakes. Not surprising. However, not all of the skulls are frauds, and some have been deemed ancient, although dating the skulls is a difficult task since carbon dating methods cannot be applied to quartz crystal. It has been suggested that one of the skulls was thought to have been created using methods from five-thousand years ago, in which case it would have taken several generations, at least three-hundred years, to craft a single skull.

Of the most popular skulls found to date, one is said to resemble an extra-terrestrial more than a human skull, which has led to theories that alien life forms bestowed the crystals upon us as gifts of information and healing. This likeness to an alien life form also led to the naming of this skull as “E.T.”.

Not only has the scientific community taken great interest in the discovery of the presumably authentic, inexplicably carved crystal skulls, but the paranormal community has vested interest as well. The skulls found were of varying colors, including clear quarts, smoky quartz, amethyst, and rose quarts, each of which is thought amongst the psychic community to have healing abilities and energy vibrations conducive to human emotions and conditions. Of the skulls deemed authentic, each was carved against the grain of the crystal, something considered impossible by today’s standards and inconceivable for ancient knowledge and tools to have created.

There are several legends from varying cultures about the creation and purpose of these skulls. Native American legend, which tells of 13 skulls all together, relays that each of the thirteen human-sized skulls had movable jaws that could speak and sing. Incidentally, of the skulls we know of today, at least two were discovered with the jaw-bone detached. According to this legend, the skulls contain great knowledge of Earth’s past and then when humanity finds itself in a time of great peril, the skulls will be reunited, like a puzzle, at which time they’ll reveal their complete truths.

The Seneca legend connects the skulls to the city of Atlantis, a place thought mythological by modern man. This legend states that abuse of the powers of the skulls, coupled with greed and refusal to share the knowledge obtained through the skulls, caused the destruction of Atlantis.

Cherokee legend associates the crystal skulls with extra-terrestrials, imbedded with knowledge from a dozen planetary civilizations. This legend attributes powers to the skulls, such as the ability to start fire.

There’s another legend from a group of various Indian tribes known as “twisted-hairs” that accounts for thirteen skulls as well. Twelve of the skulls represented twelve planetary systems while the 13th skull represented collective consciousness.

Legends also exist connecting the skulls to secret chambers under the Sphinx in Egypt, as well as to Israel and the Bible!

Where exactly these skulls came from, how they were made, by whom they were made, and what their purpose and powers are remains a mystery today.

Sources:
http://www.world-mysteries.com/sar_6_1.htm
http://www.angelfire.com/mi4/polcrt/CrystalSkulls.html
http://www.freewebs.com/biblical_prophecy/thirteencrystalskulls.htm

skepdic.com/crystalskull.html

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